What Programming Languages Does WordPress Use? 5 Must-Know Languages


WordPress is a powerful content management system used to create websites and blogs. It makes it easy to create a website by simply dragging and dropping.

However, to understand the WordPress platform well and use it to its full potential, you need to learn the programming languages it is built on.

Understanding what programming languages are used in WordPress can help developers create more complex websites and better understand the underlying structure of the platform.

So the question is: what programming languages does WordPress use, and how do you learn them?

In this article, we’ll discuss the programming languages used by WordPress, how you can learn them, and why they are important for developers.

WordPress is developed in the server scripting language, PHP, in conjunction with SQL to connect to the database.

Additionally essential, HTML provides structure to websites while CSS styles them.

Lastly, with JavaScript to make the website interactive.

So these are the programming languages you need to know to use WordPress to its full potential.

Let’s look at these languages in detail.

What Programming Languages Does WordPress Use?


What Programming Languages Does WordPress Use? | HTML | Bonsah

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), is a standard markup language that is used to structure webpages. It is the foundation on which webpages are built.

HTML is not a programming language but rather a markup language, which is a tag-based computer language used to define elements in documents.

It is a markup language made up of tags that can be used to structure the overall look of web pages.

With HTML, you can create webpages with footers, headers, paragraphs, tables, images, links, and many more.

Here is an example of an HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Page Title</title>

<h1>This is a Heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>


How to learn HTML for WordPress

Learning HTML is easy compared to other languages, but it will take a lot of practice to get used to it.

Start by understanding the basis of the language and how it is used in web development.

It will take you roughly a week to a month of constant learning and practice to implement the language.

There are numerous resources online to get you started:

Read More: Will WordPress Replace Web Developers?


What Programming Languages Does WordPress Use? | CSS | Bonsah

After building the structure of the webpage, you need to make it presentable to the user; this is where Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) comes in. CSS, as its name implies, styles the HTML document.

It describes how an HTML document should be displayed in a browser.

With CSS, you can style HTML elements with fonts, colors, position, transparency, and other properties.

CSS, for example, can be used to change the color of a paragraph or heading, or it can be used to change the entire background of a webpage.

For the CSS property to work on the HTML, you first need to call out the HTML tag in your style sheet.

Here is an example of a CSS

body {
  background-color: lightblue;

h1 {
  color: white;
  text-align: center;

p {
  font-family: verdana;
  font-size: 20px;

How to learn CSS for WordPress

Just like any other programming language, you learn by practicing. CSS is also easy to learn.

It will also take you about a month of constant learning to understand and use CSS perfectly.

There are valuable resources on:

That can help you get you started.

HTML and CSS work together to create the look and feel of a webpage. But for the front end, your work is not done without JavaScript.

Read More: Are WordPress Developers in Demand? The Job Prospects in 2023



All four languages are important for WordPress development, but PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is the most important of them all.

PHP is the core programming language on which WordPress is built, so it is important to learn it.

PHP is a server scripting language that creates interactive, dynamic websites. It was purposely created for web development.

The server runs PHP code, and the finished product is returned to the browser as plain HTML.

PHP instructs the web server to display the HTML and CSS content on a webpage.

Here is an example of a PHP

<!DOCTYPE html>

echo "My first PHP script!";


How to learn PHP for WordPress

PHP is more difficult to learn than HTML or CSS, but it has a similar syntax and even incorporates some HTML into its code.

PHP can be learned in three to six months on average, but it also depends on how much time you put in.

Some of the resources to start learning PHP are:

Read More: Is WordPress Good For Professional Websites?



As previously stated, JavaScript, HTML, and CSS make up the front end of a webpage. JavaScript is the most popular programming language.

JavaScript is the programming language that makes webpages interactive. For example, you click on the button, and HTML content is displayed that is the work of JavaScript.

Unlike PHP, JavaScript runs on the client’s side. It runs directly in the client’s browser.

<!DOCTYPE html>

<h2>What Can JavaScript Do?</h2>

<p id="demo">JavaScript can change HTML content.</p>

<button type="button" onclick='document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Hello JavaScript!"'>Click Me!</button>


How to Learn JavaScript for WordPress

JavaScript is also an easy language to learn. You need to practice to get used to it.

It will take you at least six months of constant practice to be proficient in the language.

Some of the resources to start learning PHP are:

Do WordPress Developers Code?

First and foremost, you don’t need coding skills to use WordPress. You can build a fully functional website with WordPress without writing a single line of code.

With page builders like Elementor, you can build a full website by simply dragging and dropping.

However, to be a WordPress developer, you must have coding knowledge. To debug and troubleshoot WordPress, you must have a working knowledge of the aforementioned programming languages.

Importance of Learning WordPress Programming Languages

  • Enhances your job prospects: While it is possible to find employment without coding expertise, particularly as a freelancer, having such skills can help you land a full-time position with a tech company or agency. Companies prefer candidates with coding skills rather than someone who can build a website by dragging and dropping.
  • Not limited to WordPress: WordPress is one of the numerous CMS out there; don’t just be limited by it. Having coding skills will help you navigate the various CMSs out there. And also build fully functional web applications with CMS.
  • Work for big tech companies: having coding skills will improve your chances of working for big tech firms like Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and many more.

Conclusion: What Programming Languages Does WordPress Use?

There you have it. WordPress is built on PHP with support from JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.

I will recommend you start by learning HTML and CSS, which are relatively easy.

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Samuel Blay

Samuel Blay

I'm a WordPress and business software enthusiast with years of experience in the industry. As a blogger, I share my knowledge and expertise to help others make the most out of their online presence. I love to shop online and believe in the power of WordPress and cutting-edge software to help entrepreneurs succeed.

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